(25/08/1880 – 09/11/1918)
Guglielmo Alberto Wladimiro Alessandro Apollinaire de Kostrowitzky was born in Rome from a Polish mother Angelica Kostrowitzdy and an unknown father.
Considered as one of the most important French poets of the early twentieth century, author of poems such as "Zone", taken from the book “Alcools” ("Alcohol"), “La chanson du mal-aimé” ("The Song of the unloved”), or “Mai” (May) or “Encore”(Again); he wrote also the "Calligrammes" (a mix of calligraphy and ideograms).
Apollinaire spent his childhood in Italy. His mother taught him Polish and Italian.
In 1887, the family settled on the French Riviera. In 1897 Guillaume failed at his degree and did not represent again. He began to write poetry and wanted to become a journalist. He read a lot and had an anarchist sensibility; he also supported Dreyfus.
From 1889 to 1914 Guillaume Apollinaire travelled a lot and made a trip to Spa and Stavelot (Belgium). He also lived in Germany, Rhineland before settling in Paris.
He engaged as a reserve officer in 1915, but on March 1916 he was wounded at the temple and evacuated at Château-Thierry where he stayed a few days before beeing hospitalized in Paris.
He died from the spanish flue on November 1918.